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Identify the Types of Liars Around You!

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It’s quite common to encounter various types of lies in daily interactions with different kinds of liars. We can’t stop their lies or interact with them, as we can’t always detect the lies immediately.

However, if we can understand the motivations and characteristics of those liars, we can navigate many things more effectively. For this reason, we aim to provide you with a comprehensive guide on the different types of lies and liars we typically encounter and offer insights on managing everything in those situations in this article. Let’s get started!

Types of Liars

Liars can be of many different types. Some of the common types of liars are briefly discussed below:

The Occasional Liar

The occasional liar is someone who lies occasionally to avoid minor issues or just to spare someone’s feelings. They usually don’t mean harm but try to avoid minor troubles to keep peace. For example, someone keeps saying others’ meals are tasty to keep the cook’s spirits high even after not enjoying the meal.

The Compulsive Liar

Some people lie out of habit even though they don’t have any apparent reason to do so. To them, lying feels natural, and they often tell big or small lies without thinking about the consequences. This type of liar is called the compulsive liar.

The Pathological Liar

Pathological liars tell lies for specific purposes, precisely to manipulate people or to gain something they want. Their lies are very complex and deceiving; they craft them in a calculated way that makes people feel deeply betrayed.

The White Lie Teller

The people who tell small lies to keep everyday interactions pleasant to avoid upsetting people and think they’re doing the right things are the white liars. Someone telling you that your ideas are good, skills are enough, etc., so you don’t doubt your worth, is that type of liar.

The Manipulative Liar

Some people lie by carefully planning to shape their lies to fit a situation or people’s actions for their own benefit. They keep pulling the strings of their falsehoods from behind the scenes like master strategists. We call them manipulative liars because they manipulate reality to their advantage, even though it can cause confusion and pain for others.

The Sociopathic Liar

The people who don’t feel even a bit guilty or bad about telling big or small lies are sociopathic liars. They are particularly unsettling as they don’t care about others’ feelings or well-being, and that’s why they don’t care about their dishonesty. Dealing with sociopathic liars is tough.

The Narcissistic Liar

Narcissistic liars are obsessed with being the heroic figure, among others. As they seek applause and recognition to elevate their status or feed their ego, they often create unreal or half-real stories without caring about damaging others to make themselves a fantastic person in others’ eyes.

Detecting Lies: Common Signs and Cues

We can detect lies by being alert to various verbal and non-verbal cues to others. Some of the most common signs that indicate someone is lying are:

  • Inconsistencies in Stories: Suppose a person tells a different story or detail about anything differently each time they talk about something. In that case, that inconsistency indicates they’re hiding something.
  • Avoiding Eye Contact: Usually, most people avoid eye contact while lying as they subconsciously feel guilty telling untruths to your face.
  • Overly Detailed Stories: People can add unnecessary details when telling lies to make the story more credible.
  • Hesitation or Speech Changes: In many cases, when people tell lies, they speak slower or faster, and their voices sound different than usual. Also, they use lots of “um” and “uh” as they try to come up with new ideas for their lies.
  • Defensive Body Language: Psychologically, when telling lies, average liars tend to cross their arms, don’t want to face you directly, or turn away while talking.
  • Touching the Face or Mouth: Touching one’s face or mouth while lying is a subconscious behaviour, although master liars can avoid these behaviours.
  • Contradicting Non-Verbal Cues: When lying, the subconscious mind doesn’t want to cooperate. That’s why many people can use different body language, like nodding or shaking their head “no ” when telling lies.
  • Change in Voice Pitch: When people become stressed or nervous while lying, their voice pitch also changes, specifically their voice trembles when they lie.
  • Unwillingness to Provide Details: As liars keep coming up with new fabricated stories, when you ask them for more specific details, they become nervous and quickly change the subject. They may provide vague explanations, but they will be unwilling to share anything when pressed. It’s a defence mechanism to protect themselves from being exposed to others.
  • Too Quick to Agree: If you share your thoughts or ask questions, the liars will quickly agree with your ideas, sometimes to convince you that they’re telling the truth.

Dealing with Liars: Strategies and Tips

Handling liars and the situation of someone lying to you can be tricky and complicated. Here are some tips and strategies to consider for dealing with liars successfully:

  • Stay Calm: Don’t get angry when you hear lies; keep your emotions in check. Reacting strongly without thinking thoroughly can only escalate the situation or make it harder to find the truth.
  • Gather Evidence: Gathering evidence is essential to back up your suspicions before confronting someone. If you don’t have enough information, you shouldn’t make accusations, as they can be based on misunderstandings.
  • Focus on the Facts: Focus on the actual facts in your hand when discussing your concern about lies; don’t stray too far. Otherwise, the situation can become more complex, heated, and personal.
  • Ask Open-Ended Questions: Ask your suspect questions that can’t be answered with a simple yes or no. They need to reveal more information. This will help you identify inconsistencies in their story and corner them.
  • Observe Their Response: Paying attention to what someone is saying and their body language and expressions is crucial to detecting lies. Their responses also give clues to their level of honesty when you ask them questions or express your concerns.
  • Communicate the Impact: Indirectly tell them how dishonesty can affect you, others, and their relationship with everyone. If they don’t take the hint, communicate with them directly. It’s because many people will become more truthful if they understand the consequences of their actions.
  • Set Clear Boundaries: If the person concerned lies and continues with their dishonesty even after confronting them and advising them about the consequences, be clear about what is acceptable to you and what isn’t. Set boundaries with them and tell them about the results if their lying doesn’t stop.

Decide on Your Next Steps: Now, it’s time to decide on the next steps for your well-being. Consider taking a few steps depending on the severity and impact of the lies. The steps can include seeking outside help, taking a break from the relationship, or ending it.

  • Seek Support: Seeking support is essential when dealing continuously with liars. You can talk to a trusted friend or family member about it. However, for more complex situations or if you don’t feel comfortable talking with your close people, you can ask a professional for perspective and ideas and help you deal with your feelings about the situation so you can take the proper steps.
  • Protect Yourself: Since many liars lie as a part of their manipulative or harmful behaviour, you should prioritise your safety and well-being from them and the impact of their lies. You may be required to limit or end contact with the person lying to protect yourself from mental, physical, social, or financial impacts.

Conclusion

Recognising liars and understanding their characteristics and motives is important to handle their deception more effectively. Do whatever proper steps are required to deal with the liars, whether it be direct communication, setting boundaries, or seeking outside help.

However, no matter what you do, remember that your goal isn’t just to catch a liar but to navigate relationships with honesty, empathy, and resilience whilst protecting yourself.

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